Marketing and Promotion

Understanding the basics of music publishing

How songs can be used

Many songwriters work with representatives to help navigate and collect royalties on the use of their music globally. Generally, a song you write can be used in three ways:

  • Performance: When a song is performed or transmitted online (including streaming) or played in a public place.
  • Mechanical: When a song is reproduced digitally or physically.
  • Synchronization: When a song is used in visual media. 

Finding your performing rights organization

It is important to become a performing rights organization (PRO) member to receive your writer’s share of the performing rights income. When signing up with a PRO, make sure you understand how they collect on performances and what they offer in terms of resources and networking opportunities. Research your country or region’s performing rights organizations, as there may be more than one organization to consider.

Finding your music publisher

Music publishers register your copyrights and help manage the administration and revenue collection for the use of your music around the world and may also provide creative services such as an A&R (Artists and Repertoire). 

When considering teaming up with a representative in the publishing space, make sure you understand what types of services they’ll provide (which may vary by country or region), contractual terms or commitments, and how your copyright ownership might be impacted. Seeking out independent legal advice before entering into any agreement is always recommended. Research your local music publishers association to learn more about music publishers in your country or region.

If you are releasing music, your distributor may also offer music publishing administration.

Check out the list of Apple-preferred distribution partners to learn more